Wildcro Blog

wildlife consulting and hunting tourism

Red deer management practice

Red Deer, although in principle a migratory type of species, nevertheless stays in a certain area of ​​the habitat at a certain time during the year. Likewise, as a rule, females, during the calving period, are mostly in more or less the same areas within a certain habitat. The value of the habitat or simply parts of the hunting ground is determined primarily by the facts related to the quality of peace, shelter, food and water. Over time, certain rules are observed in a hunting ground regarding the appearance of females, the appearance of males, body weight related to age classes, the value of trophies, etc. In order to notice and show this, it is important to correctly record everything that is achieved by habitat units.

Hunting in the service of human demography

Demography is defined as the science of population, it encompasses the study of the number and spatial distribution of the population, the natural and migratory movements of the population, and changes in population structures. The main goal of demography is to understand the legality of population development in certain socio – economic conditions. Today, the struggle for population is in force in market economy countries. Whether the population is seen as a labour force, or as consumers or as capital for the future – it is needed by all and is part of the overall development policy.

Changes of red deer (Cervus elaphus, L.) pedicles with age at Baranja Danube's Region

Antles of deer family (Cervidae) is an example of fast growing bones and the only bony structure form of mammals, capable of complete regeneration. Every year, antlers are cast and a set of new antlers are growing every year. This is called the antler growth cycle and is closely related to the reproduction cycle, hormonal processes and photoperiodism in the Cervidae family. The antlers, that are changing every year, grow on the pedicles that last for a lifetime and that do not become bone, but are leather-coated for a lifetime.


Red deer antlers are an example of fast-growing tissue and are the only mammal organ capable of complete regeneration. Each year set of an antlers are cast, and each year a set of a new one are grown. This is called antler growth cycle and is closely associated with reproductive cycle, hormonal processes, climate and hydrological factors. Climate and hydrological factors act directly through the air temperature, precipitation (rain, snow), snow, ice, insolation (photoperiod), frost and water levels.

Red deer mating

September in wildlife management brings an injection of adrenaline to the wildlife manager. September is the time when one of our most economically important deer species Red Deer is breeding. It is this biological act, the breeding cycle of deer, that shows the success of the work done on population dynamics. During mating the breeder has the opportunity to monitor many parameters:

Age - data you need to apply to practice

Management of Red Deer and Roe Deer is regulated by a plan based on the determination of the spring fund and its sex / age composition, the estimate of the actual recruitment rate and the record of total population exploitation. The number and composition of the spring fund depends on the increase, loss and hunting. Therefore, it is necessary to correctly monitor the number of animals, recruitment rate, gender composition, age composition, trophy quality, body masses and the use of certain parts of the habitat / hunting area by the game – density of population.


Much interest to reconcile and adjust. Equally, there is a whole range of possible additional unexpected shocks that hunters are generally not ready.

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Hunting tourism

Hunting on the mountain part of the Adriatic coast and on the Adriatic islands – offers a wide range of species for hunting.

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